Cooking fire safety|
Posted 5/2/2012 Updated 5/2/2012
Commentary by Edwards AFB Fire Prevention
95th Civil Engineering Division
5/2/2012 - EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- Many families gather in the kitchen to spend time together, but it can be one of the most hazardous rooms in the house if you don't practice safe cooking behaviors.
Cooking equipment, most often a range or stovetop, is the leading cause of reported home fires and home fire injuries in the United States.
Safe Cooking Behaviors
It's a recipe for serious injury or even death to wear loose clothing (especially hanging sleeves), walk away from a cooking pot on the stove, or leave flammable materials, such as potholders or paper towels, around the stove. Whether you are cooking the family holiday dinner or a snack for the children, practicing safe cooking behaviors will help keep you and your family safe.
Choose the Right Equipment and Use It Properly
· Follow manufacturers' instructions and code requirements when installing and operating cooking equipment.
· Plug microwave ovens and other cooking appliances directly into an outlet. Never use an extension cord for a cooking appliance, as it can overload the circuit and cause a fire.
Use Barbecue Grills Safely
· Position the grill well away from siding, deck railings, and out from under eaves and overhanging branches.
· Place the grill a safe distance from lawn games, play areas, and foot traffic.
· Keep children and pets away from the grill area by declaring a 3-foot "kid-free zone" around the grill.
· Put out several long-handled grilling tools to give the chef plenty of clearance from heat and flames when cooking food.
· Periodically remove grease or fat buildup in trays below grill so it cannot be ignited by a hot grill.
· Use only outdoors!
· Charcoal Grills
· Purchase the proper starter fluid and store out of reach of children and away from heat sources.
· Never add charcoal starter fluid when coals or kindling have already been ignited, and never use any flammable or combustible liquid other than charcoal starter fluid to get the fire going.
· Check the propane cylinder hose for leaks before using it for the first time each year. A light soap and water solution applied to the hose will reveal escaping propane quickly by releasing bubbles.
· Never store propane cylinders in buildings or garages. If you store a gas grill inside during the winter, disconnect the cylinder and leave it outside.
Watch What You Heat
· The leading cause of fires in the kitchen is unattended cooking.
· Stay in the kitchen when you are frying, grilling, or broiling food. If you leave the kitchen for even a short period of time, turn off the stove.
· If you are simmering, baking, roasting, or boiling food, check it regularly, remain in the home while food is cooking, and use a timer to remind you that you're cooking.
Keep Things That Can Catch Fire and Heat Sources Apart
· Keep anything that can catch fire - potholders, oven mitts, wooden utensils, paper or plastic bags, food packaging, towels, or curtains - away from your stovetop.
· Keep the stovetop, burners, and oven clean.
· Keep pets off cooking surfaces and nearby countertops to prevent them from knocking things onto the burner.
· Wear short, close-fitting or tightly rolled sleeves when cooking. Loose clothing can dangle onto stove burners and catch fire if it comes into contact with a gas flame or electric burner.
How and When to Fight Cooking Fires
· When in doubt, just get out. When you leave, close the door behind you to help contain the fire. Call 9-1-1 or the local emergency number after you leave.
· If you do try to fight the fire, be sure others are already getting out and you have a clear path to the exit.
· Always keep an oven mitt and a lid nearby when you are cooking. If a small grease fire starts in a pan, smother the flames by carefully sliding the lid over the pan (make sure you are wearing the oven mitt). Turn off the burner. Do not move the pan. To keep the fire from restarting, leave the lid on until the pan is completely cool.
· In case of an oven fire, turn off the heat and keep the door closed to prevent flames from burning you or your clothing.
· If you have a fire in your microwave oven, turn it off immediately and keep the door closed. Never open the door until the fire is completely out. Unplug the appliance if you can safely reach the outlet.
· After a fire, both ovens and microwaves should be checked and/or serviced before being used again.
If you have any other questions just call the Edwards AFB Fire Prevention Division at (661) 277--3124/3643.
Remember, in case of an emergency dial 911 from a duty or housing phone or, if you are calling from a cell phone, call (661) 277-4540/4541.